This example shows how to ingest Avro records from Apache Kafka to a table in the Apache Cassandra database using the DataStax Apache Kafka Connector.

Contributor(s): Chris Splinter, Tomasz Lelek

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  • How to ingest Avro records from Kafka to Cassandra
  • How to use docker and docker-compose to quickly set up an environment with Zookeeper, Kafka Brokers, Kafka Connect, Confluent Schema Registry and Cassandra

Project Layout

  • Dockerfile-connector: Dockerfile to build an image of Kafka Connect with the DataStax Kafka Connector installed.
  • Dockerfile-producer: Dockerfile to build an image for the producer contained in this repository.
  • docker-compose.yml: Uses Confluent and DataStax docker images to set up Zookeeper, Kafka Brokers, Kafka Connect, Confluent Schema Registry, Cassandra, and the producer container.
  • connector-config.json: Configuration file for the DataStax Kafka Connector to be used with the distributed Kafka Connect Worker.
  • producer: Contains the Kafka Avro Producer to write records to Kafka. Uses the AvroSerializer for the Kafka record key and record value.

How this works

After running the docker and docker-compose commands, there will be 6 docker containers running, all using the same docker network.

After writing records to the Kafka Brokers, the Kafka Connector will be started which will start the stream of records from Kafka to Cassandra, writing the records to a table in the database.

Setup & Running



Clone this repository

git clone

Go to the directory

cd kafka-connector-sink-avro

Build the DataStax Kafka Connector image

docker build . -t datastax-connect -f Dockerfile-connector

Build the Avro Java Producer image

docker build . -t kafka-producer -f Dockerfile-producer

Start Zookeeper, Kafka Brokers, Kafka Connect, Confluent Schema Registry, Cassandra, and the producer containers

docker-compose up -d


Now that everything is up and running, it's time to set up the flow of data from Kafka to Cassandra.

Create the Kafka Topic named avro-stream that the connector will read from.

docker exec -it kafka-broker bash
kafka-topics --create --zookeeper zookeeper:2181 --replication-factor 1 --partitions 10 --topic avro-stream --config

Create the Cassandra table that the connector will write to. Start the cqlsh shell and then copy and paste the contents of schema.cql

docker exec -it cassandra cqlsh

Write 1000 records to Kafka using the Avro Java Producer

docker exec -it kafka-producer bash
mvn clean compile exec:java -Dexec.mainClass=avro.AvroProducer -Dexec.args="avro-stream 1000 broker:29092 http://schema-registry:8081"

There will be many lines of output in your console as Maven pulls down the dependencies. The following output means that it completed successfully

2020-08-04 13:59:25.990 [avro.AvroProducer.main()] INFO  - Completed loading 1000/1000 records to Kafka in 1 seconds
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 32.195 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2020-08-04T13:59:25+00:00
[INFO] Final Memory: 35M/248M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

Execute the following command from the machine where docker is running to start the connector using the Kafka Connect REST API

curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d @connector-config.json "http://localhost:8083/connectors"

Confirm that the rows were written in Cassandra

docker exec -it cassandra cqlsh
select * from kafka_examples.avro_udt_table limit 1;

You should see the following output:

cqlsh> select * from kafka_examples.avro_udt_table limit 1;
 id  | udt_col0                                                                                                                                                                   | udt_col1                                                                                                                                                                   | udt_col2                                                                                                                                                                   | udt_col3                                                                                                                                                                   | udt_col4                                                                                                                                                                   | udt_col5                                                                                                                                                                   | udt_col6                                                                                                                                                                   | udt_col7                                                                                                                                                                   | udt_col8                                                                                                                                                                   | udt_col9
 769 | {segment0_0: '0', segment0_1: '1', segment0_2: '2', segment0_3: '3', segment0_4: '4', segment0_5: '5', segment0_6: '6', segment0_7: '7', segment0_8: '8', segment0_9: '9'} | {segment1_0: '0', segment1_1: '1', segment1_2: '2', segment1_3: '3', segment1_4: '4', segment1_5: '5', segment1_6: '6', segment1_7: '7', segment1_8: '8', segment1_9: '9'} | {segment2_0: '0', segment2_1: '1', segment2_2: '2', segment2_3: '3', segment2_4: '4', segment2_5: '5', segment2_6: '6', segment2_7: '7', segment2_8: '8', segment2_9: '9'} | {segment3_0: '0', segment3_1: '1', segment3_2: '2', segment3_3: '3', segment3_4: '4', segment3_5: '5', segment3_6: '6', segment3_7: '7', segment3_8: '8', segment3_9: '9'} | {segment4_0: '0', segment4_1: '1', segment4_2: '2', segment4_3: '3', segment4_4: '4', segment4_5: '5', segment4_6: '6', segment4_7: '7', segment4_8: '8', segment4_9: '9'} | {segment5_0: '0', segment5_1: '1', segment5_2: '2', segment5_3: '3', segment5_4: '4', segment5_5: '5', segment5_6: '6', segment5_7: '7', segment5_8: '8', segment5_9: '9'} | {segment6_0: '0', segment6_1: '1', segment6_2: '2', segment6_3: '3', segment6_4: '4', segment6_5: '5', segment6_6: '6', segment6_7: '7', segment6_8: '8', segment6_9: '9'} | {segment7_0: '0', segment7_1: '1', segment7_2: '2', segment7_3: '3', segment7_4: '4', segment7_5: '5', segment7_6: '6', segment7_7: '7', segment7_8: '8', segment7_9: '9'} | {segment8_0: '0', segment8_1: '1', segment8_2: '2', segment8_3: '3', segment8_4: '4', segment8_5: '5', segment8_6: '6', segment8_7: '7', segment8_8: '8', segment8_9: '9'} | {segment9_0: '0', segment9_1: '1', segment9_2: '2', segment9_3: '3', segment9_4: '4', segment9_5: '5', segment9_6: '6', segment9_7: '7', segment9_8: '8', segment9_9: '9'}
(1 rows)