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Are Azure CosmosDB indexes split by partition

Author: Stilgar

Originally Sourced from:

I am sending some IoT events into Azure Cosmos DB. I am partitioning by device id and I am always querying by device id. I want to know if the automatically created indexes are separated by partition key. Specifically if I do query like

SELECT TOP 5 ... FROM events WHERE deviceId = X ORDER BY timeStamp DESC

Will it use the automatically created index on timeStamp and if so is it effective. Basically what I am asking is if there are separate indexes on timeStamp for each partition key (deviceId in my case) because otherwise the index will be relatively useless because the range will contain a lot of irrelevant data from other devices. If this was SQL Server I would create an index on deviceId followed by timeStamp but I am not sure how Cosmos DB works by default.